The RSC has played a key role in the peace process for its oversight and verification functions. However, the contentious provisions of the agreement have not been implemented on time and that is why, at its last meeting, the IMC called on the government to implement provisions on the return of refugees and the rehabilitation of those affected by the conflict, socio-economic development, reform of the security and justice systems and the release of political prisoners.1 Nelson Mandela is welcomed by the UN Security Council 2000 and was approved as a mediator in the Arusha peace process. When President Nyerere launched the Arusha peace process in 1998, the CNDD-FDD had split into three factions and Pierre Nkurunziza, then commander-in-chief of the movement, was fighting for control of the largest of them. The mediation team removed him from the negotiating table until he reconciled his movement and negotiated with one voice, a request his commanders considered „in the form of a „protector“. The movement`s relations with the mediation team and with regional countries have become increasingly difficult. This reinforced an acute aversion to perceived regional „harassment,“ which represents Burundi`s deep-seated cultural aversion to outside interference. All these provisions were negotiated separately and, after the signing of the agreement and ceasefire, they were enshrined in the Burundian constitution. As a result, no ethnic group represents more than 50% of the defence and security forces. Similarly, no ethnic group holds more than 67 per cent of local, regional and local positions. The ruling party may not represent more than 60% through the ministries of the cabinet, the diplomatic service and institutions that support democracy, such as the National Electoral Commission (CENI), the Constitutional Court, the National Assembly and the National Commission on Human Rights. The Arusha Agreement provides for the creation of the Implementation Monitoring Committee (ICN) with government representatives, representatives of rebel movements, the UN, the African Union and regional peace initiatives for Burundi.
In particular, BMI was responsible for monitoring, monitoring, coordinating and effectively implementing all provisions of the agreement. The MSC will also provide guidance for the establishment of other commissions and subcommittees in accordance with the agreement. (a) The functions of the Ceasefire Commission on peace and security are as follows: 3. This ceasefire agreement is the final stage of the peace process, which is itself the culmination of the Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi, signed on 28 August 2002 following a political negotiation process. In 2002, IMC has worked with the government on various laws, including freedom of action for political parties, One of the main achievements of the BMI was the ceasefire agreement of 2 December 2002, which was a major achievement of the peace process.8 The peace and reconciliation agreement in Arusha.8 In August 2000, the signing was reached after lengthy negotiations. supported by the former presidents of Tanzania, Julius Nyerere, and Nelson Mandela of South Africa.