5 Cabotage is the transport of goods or persons within a single country by a non-resident vehicle. Cross-trade is the transport of goods between two countries by a carrier established in another country. The EU4 regulation guaranteeing a basic road connection for the UK`s exit from the European Union came into force on 28 March 2019, the day after it was published in the EU`s Official Journal. Its provisions do not apply if the UK leaves the EU through a withdrawal agreement. 7 European Union Committee, review of international agreements: the treaties that were discussed on 30 April 2019 (38th report, session 2017-19, document 349 de hl) 3.Es give relatively little commercial road transport between the UK and Norway. Officials from the Ministry of Transport (DfT) informed us that in 2018, about 7,000 trucks leaving the UK (0.2% of the total) were destined for Norway. The vast majority of vehicles using these lines were uncompanied trailers.3 DfT officials stated that there were no statistics available for passenger transport between the UK and Norway. Both agreements provide for the application of the road transport acquis in the countries concerned. While road transport is harmonised within the EU and is therefore based on common EU rules, road transport between EU and third countries remains largely based on bilateral agreements between different Member States and third countries. However, the EU has agreements with some countries that prevail over bilateral agreements. The agreement provides for a harmonized legal framework to facilitate the movement of people between these countries. 4 Regulation (EU) 2019/501 of the European Parliament and council of 25 March 2019 establishing common rules guaranteeing basic connectivity of road transport of goods and passengers by road with regard to the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the Union, JO L 347 of 31.12.2019, p.

1. JO L 85I (27 March 2019), p. 39 This Observatory was set up in collaboration with Switzerland to collect data and report on the transport of goods by road and rail. 6.Article 4 of the agreement concerns the transport of goods, one-off journeys between the territories of the contracting parties, transit trips and car journeys from a contracting party between the territory of the other party and a third country. These routes require permissions, with some limited exceptions. The joint committee established by the agreement may amend the list of exemptions, including to the extent that the authorization requirement for all trucks is removed. 5.Article 3 of the agreement provides for a point for the transport of passengers between the United Kingdom and Norway and the transit through the territory of one of the contracting parties by private cars. Regular (line) connections require permission, while occasional services (for example. B bus trips and tours) do not. The agreement does not allow a vehicle of a contracting party to traffic passengers between the territory of the other party and a third country. DfT officials told us that it was unusual to include such provisions in bilateral agreements.

The Agreement on the European Economic Area extends the EU internal market to Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. As far as road transport is concerned, this means that these three countries apply EU road transport rules in the same way as EU Member States. Appendix XIII of the EEA agreement contains the Community acquis in the field of transport and is regularly updated by the decisions of the EEA Joint Committee. 2.The Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA), reached between EU Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway – provides for a rapprochement of legislation in all areas of internal market policy, including transport,2 the agreement between the UK and Norway on international road transport („agreement“) provides for a repeat of the effects of the EEA agreement on road transport between the UK and Norway if the UK leaves the EU without a withdrawal agreement (under which the UK would continue to benefit from international EU agreements during the period